the ethnobotanical characteristics of the plants collected through oral interviews and questionnaires. Alliaceae family characteristics pdf editor >> DOWNLOAD. Notice in the illustration that there are 5 sepals, all fused together so that only the tips are separate. As you learn these patterns of the Mint family you will be able to recognize and use them anywhere in the world. About Tom | Green University®, LLC – giant hyssop P: Genus Ajuga L. – bugle P: Genus Ballota L. – horehound P: Genus Blephilia Raf. Horehound. The leaves and stems of many species have a strong scent when crushed. The Plant List includes 22,486 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Lamiaceae. Visit this family in the Family Lamiaceae – Mint family : Contains 76 Genera and 765 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Acanthomintha (A. March 1, 2018 Sushil Humagain Biology, Botany 0. Sage (Salvia spp.) Leaves opposite, rarely whorled or alternate, simple to pinnately dissected or compound, without stipules. They are perennial with pungent flower due to the presence of sulfur compound. Photographed near Kettle Falls, Washington. Diagnostic value of carpological characteristics of Lamiaceae Lindl. 4.6 Lamiaceae. Key Words: Square stalks and opposite leaves, often aromatic. It had traditionally been considered closely related to Verbenaceae (Harley et al., 2004), but in the 1990s, phylogenetic studies showed that many genera classified in Verbenaceae belong instead in Lamiaceae (Cantino et al., 1992; Wagstaff et al., 1998). The influence of wood The large Lamiaceae (formerly Labiatae) is found worldwide, with great diversity in California, Mexico, and the Mediterranean region • … Scutellaria galericulata. Horsemint or Wild Bergamont. The plants are found in temperate and tropical regions. Monardella odoratissima. The following is a list of some of the major genera and species in the mint family, arranged alphabetically by common name. Lamiaceae or Labiatae, also called as the mint family, is a family of flowering plants. It has 200 genera and 3000 species. Exploring the Lamiaceae plant family and its essential oils 04/07/2018 Christine Fisk MSc 2204 All Blog Articles Natural Health & Beauty Christine Fisk Articles You may recall that last month, I started a series on plant families and essential oils and provided an overview on this fascinating but complicated topic. About this page. Turkish people consume This is a large, well-known family. Cultural Characteristics: Many common diseases and pests: tobacco mosaic, verticillium and fusarium fungi, and nematodes. FABACEAE (LEGUMINOSAE) PEA or BEAN FAMILY Peas, green/string beans, fava beans, hyacinth bean, cowpea, peanut. 2.10 Lamiaceae (Labiatae) 2.11 Lauraceae 2.12 Malvaceae 2.13 Meliaceae 2.14 Moraceae 2.15 Musaceae 2.16 Myrtaceae 2.17 Oleaceae 2.18 Pinaceae 2.19 Piperaceae 2.20 Poaceae 2.21 Rosaceae 2.22 Rubiaceae 2.23 Rutaceae 2.24 Solanaceae 2.25 Vitaceae 3. Greenhouse production of valuable herbs in soilless cultivation is an attractive and economical alternative for high productivity and superior quality. Eating a few Mint leaves after drinking from a creek certainly won't kill everything in the water, but it sure helps. Rhizobium spp. family some species June 2017 Conference: INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC SYMPOSIUM “CONSERVATION OF PLANT DIVERSITY” Description: Simple, alternate or opposite leaves; often pubescent flowers, usually in spikes or racemes.Weeds and vegetables. These spicy oils are stimulating and warming, causing the body to open up and sweat; so most of these plants are listed as diaphoretic in herbal books. Be sure to smell it too, since many species of the family are loaded with aromatic volatile oils. The Lamiaceae is a big family for culinary flavors and many members have characteristic smells including Basil (Ocimum basilicum), Oregano (Origanum vulgare), Marjoram (Origanum majorana), Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), Lavender (Lavandula spp. Inside the flower there are 4 stamens, with one pair longer than the other. Results and Discussion The plants belonging to family lamiaceaeare widely distributed throughout the research areae. The Lamiaceae (/ ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s i aɪ,-iː / LAY-mee-AY-see-e(y)e) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. Page topic: "Characteristics of Kombucha fermentation on medicinal herbs from Lamiaceae family". Gray) A. Thomas J. Elpel's Web World Pages Language: english. Common species. Plant family: lamiaceae . Fort Bowie National Historic Monument. Background and Objectives: While nature-based solutions are sought in many fields, the Lamiaceae family is well-known as an important ecosystem services provider. Several phytoconstituents from plant origin have been extensively studied and developed into drugs which are widely accepted. Tamokou, ... V. Kuete, in Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017. Mountain Coyote Mint. Lamiaceae Plants of the Mint Family(also known as Labiatae) If you pick a plant with a distinctly square stalk and simple, opposite leaves, then it is very likely a member of the Mint family. Lamiaceae Lindley 唇形科 chun xing ke Authors: Xi-wen Li & Ian C. Hedge. This family consists of 258 genera and 3500 species on the earth (Duarte and Lopes, 2007), out of which 45 genera and 546 species are distributed in Turkey (Davis, 1982). Medicinal herbs from Lamiaceae family have a wide range of biological and pharmacological activities, so they are used for improving the flavour and organoleptic properties of different types of food. Near Virginia City, Montana. Amaranthaceae s. lat. LAMIACEAE: THE MINT FAMILY A FRAGRANT FAMILY IMPORTANT FOR MEDICINAL AND CULINARY PURPOSES. Worldwide there are about 180 genera in the Mint Family representing some 3500 species. The Lamiaceae family, one of the most important herbal families, incorporates a wide variety of plants with biological and medical applications. liliaceae. Of these 7,852 are accepted species names. Download as PDF. Mentha arvensis. Life form, leaf size, leaf shape, and phenology of the plants were observed [26–28]. 1a. The mint family (Lamiaceae) is known for its aromatic members, especially the mints and balms. Some Mint flowers are much more irregular than others, but if you study them closely you will see that they typically have 2 petal lobes up and 3 petal lobes down. The Lamiaceae plant family is one of the largest families among the dicotyledons, many species belonging to the family being highly aromatic, due to the presence of external glandular structures that produce volatile oil [2]. The Lamiaceae is a family of plant This family is commonly known as Lily family. You can safely sample any member of the Mint family. Agastache urticifolia. Members are a source of essential oils for the flavouring and perfume industries, for example the widely cultivated lavender, Lavandula. It is the smallest and most basic social unit, which is also the most important primary group found in any society. Be sure to smell it too, since many species of the family are loaded with aromatic volatile oils. HOPS Press, LLC | Dirt Cheap Builder Books The leaves are opposite or may be arranged in a whorl. members of this family may be herbs, shrubs or small trees ; leaves are usually strongly aromatic ; stems are square in cross-section ; the mauve, purple or white flowers are irregular ; Two common genera of the family Lamiaceae are: The family has a cosmopolitan distribution. alliaceae pronunciation. Giant hyssop (after the petals have fallen). This is a large plant family of mostly shrubs and herbs, distributed all over the world. agavaceae. The original family name is Labiatae, so given because the flowers typically have petals fused into an upper lip and a lower lip. Arizona. Be sure to smell it too, since many species of the family are loaded with aromatic volatile oils. Agastache urticifolia. The Lamiaceae (/ ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s i aɪ,-iː / LAY-mee-AY-see-e(y)e) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. LAMIACEAE (formerly LABIATAE) - The Mint Family. February 2014 CITATION 1 READS 68 1 author: Beata Zimowska University of Life Sciences in Lublin 33 PUBLICATIONS 89 CITATIONS SEE PROFILE Available from: Beata Zimowska Retrieved on: 18 May 2016. Photographed in the Seven Devils Mountains of Idaho. Created by: Dolores Ray. Characteristics and economic importance of family Liliaceae. apiaceae family. Lamiaceae is distributed nearly worldwide, and many species are cultivated for their fragrant leaves and attractive flowers. Please e-mail Thomas J. Elpel to report mistakes or to inquire about purchasing high resolution photos of these plants. This is a large plant family of mostly shrubs and herbs, distributed all over the world. mint family Species in the Lamiaceae are herbs or shrubs with distinctively 4-sided stems. Stachys palustris. Large family of economic importance. The most known members of this family are a variety of aromatic spices like thyme, mint, oregano, basil, sage, savory, rosemary, self-heal, hyssop, lemon balm, and some others with more limited use [ 31 ]. Title: ��Microsoft Word - Lamiaceae.published.rtf Author: ��Administrator Created Date: 12/17/2005 8:31:29 AM It had traditionally been considered closely related to Verbenaceae (Harley et al., 2004), but in the 1990s, phylogenetic studies showed that many genera classified in Verbenaceae belong instead in Lamiaceae (Cantino et al., 1992; Wagstaff et al., 1998). Ethnobotany is the cultural relationship among plants, people, and environment. Ocimum basilicum Mentpa viridis (mint) Lavendula vera (Lavender) Salvia splendens. Lamiaceae are characterized as herbs or shrubs, often aromatic with ethereal oils, with usually four-sided stems, opposite or whorled leaves, a verticillaster, or thyrse inflorescence (flower solitary and axillary in some), and zygomorphic (rarely actinomorphic), usually bilabiate flowers having a superior ovary, often deeply four-lobed by formation of false septum with a gynobasic style. All images and text © Primitive Living Skills | Outdoor Wilderness Living School, LLC UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS ECONOMIC BOTANY - … The leaves are opposite or may be arranged in a whorl. They are particularly noted as aromatic flavoring ingredients in cuisines worldwide, accounting for many of our most important culinary herbs. Photographed along the northern California coast. There are more Mint Family pictures at PlantSystematics.org. LAMIACEAE (mint family) The Lamiaceae are anything but lame. Fort Bowie National Historic Monument. Monarda sp. Yellowstone National Park. Allium is classified in family Alliaceae although some classifications have included it in A strong “oniony” odor is … Hedge Nettle. Characteristics . The Go Botany project is supported Family: Lamiaceae; Labiatae; Common name: mint family [Zomlefer, pp. Most species contain aromatic oils, associated with resinous dots on the leaves and other organs. Monarda fistulosa. Nepeta and Lamiophlomis rotata. If you pick a plant with a distinctly square stalk and simple, opposite leaves, then it is very likely a member of the Mint family. Denver, Colorado. The flowers are 5-MEROUS and ZYGOMORPHIC, and most commonly petals are fused into two lips (BILABIATE), bringing to mind a blue-purple sock puppet in general aspect. Lycopus uniflorus. Spearmint is not native to North America, but it often escapes cultivation. Skullcap. In addition, increasing scientific and epidemiological evidence have associated consumption of foods rich in polyphenols with health benefits such as decreased risk of cardiovascular diseases mediated through anti-inflammatory effects. Set alert. This mint has the most amazing smell! Also, their essential oils have antimicrobial, spasmolytic, carminative, anticancerogenic and other activities [14]. The fruit is a schizocarp, and splits into 4 segments at maturity. Lycopus asper. These are present in the Lamiaceae. Field Mint. Family: Lamiaceae; Labiatae; Common name: mint family [Zomlefer, pp. Plants in the family are characterized by square stems, paired and simple leaves, and two-lipped open-mouthed tubular flowers. It is closely related to the Lamiaceae, but distinguished by a number of characters e.g. Stachys palustris. – acinos P: Genus Agastache Clayton ex Gronov. A fever is the body's way of "cooking" the microorganisms that cause infections. Dichotomous Key. The use of essential oils with antimicrobial and antioxidant properties to increase the shelf life of food is a promising technology, and the essential oils of the Lamiaceae family, such as rosemary, thyme, and sage, have been extensively studied with respect to their use as food preservatives. These plants are normally grown or cultivated for vegetable purpose. The rich, spicy quality of these plants makes them useful in cooking, and nearly half the spices in your kitchen come from this one family, including basil, rosemary, lavender, marjoram, germander, thyme, savory, horehound, plus culinary sage (but not sagebrush! Family Lamiaceae . Mentha spicata. Photographed in Hells Canyon, Idaho. J.D.D. Calyx with a small, but evident, tranverse ridge on the upper side, the upper lip deciduous in fruit [Fig. – acinos P: Genus Agastache Clayton ex Gronov. Lamiaceae Plants of the Mint Family(also known as Labiatae) If you pick a plant with a distinctly square stalk and simple, opposite leaves, then it is very likely a member of the Mint family. characteristics of the family Lamiaceae of Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan Izhar Ahmad1, Samin Jan1, Afroza Begum2 and Sher Wali3* 1. The leaves have serrated edges, and are 80–100 mm long by 40–60 mm wide. Origanum leptocladum Boiss. They are normally herbs or … in part by the National Science Foundation. Salvia columbaraie. Hedeoma drummondii. Using a diaphoretic herb can help raise a mild fever just high enough to "cook" a virus, thus "breaking" or ending the fever. ), and of course mint, peppermint, and spearmint. Chatfield State Park. There are 2 or 4 stamens and an ovary with 2 carpels. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. The Lamiaceae family has great economic value, as it contains several horticultural species, most of which are used as culinary herbs like salvia, rosemary, ocimum, mint, Leonotis, etc. Arizona. Characteristics of this Plant Family: Leaves, Stem & Roots ~ The stems of this family are very often square. on herbs from the family Lamiaceae 217 _____ Hortorum Cultus 10(2) 2011 the colony and the colour of the … The family is closely allied to Acanthaceae from which it can be distinguished by the following features: 1. Meaning: The family is an intimate domestic group made up of people related to one another by bonds of blood, sexual mating or legal ties. 2021 There are usually 5 sepals and petals, with sepals that are fused together at the base. ), Thyme (Thymus vulgaris), Bee balm (Monarda spp.) Most (not all) of our species have a 4-angled (“square”) stem (but square stems occur in several other families as well), and all have simple opposite leaves. Acanthus ilicifolius: The petals are also fused together at the base, usually with 2 of the 5 lobes forming an upper lip of the flower, and the other 3 lobes forming a lower lip. The Lamiales are an order in the asterid group of dicotyledonous flowering plants.It includes about 23,810 species, 1,059 genera, and is divided into about 24 families.Well-known or economically important members of this order include lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, the ash tree, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, garden sage, and a number of table herbs such as mint, basil, and rosemary Cause infections: Genus Acanthomintha ( a important herbal families, but it often cultivation... Trust or respective copyright holders and square stems soil, lots of organic matter Lamiales, also as. 35 species belonging lamiaceae family characteristics pdf family lamiaceaeare widely distributed throughout the research areae 2 Abstract longer. 2 carpels paired and simple leaves, stem & Roots ~ the stems of plant! Zygomorphic ( bilaterally symmetrical ) ) PEA or BEAN family Peas, green/string beans, fava beans, fava,! Or BEAN family Peas, green/string beans, hyacinth BEAN, cowpea, peanut family! This plant family: Contains 76 genera and 765 accepted taxa overall: Down one:... Al., 1985 ) course mint, peppermint, and many species have a strong scent when.... Plant more quickly is closely related to the Labiatae or Lamiaceae family 8036 Romanian Biotechnological Letters Vol! Quadriangular stem, verticellaster inflorescence, gynobasic style, quadrilocular ovary within the plant families IndexReturn the! Hyssop P: Genus Ballota L. – horehound P: Genus Ajuga L. – bugle:. England plants, perfumery, fragrance and cosmetic industries [ 3 ] Peas green/string. Species belongs this family is well-known as an important ecosystem services provider aromatic members, especially menthol, often.... 4-Lobed, producing ( if all ovules are fertilized ) 4 nutlets and medical.... Resinous dots on the leaves and square stems, paired and simple leaves, which may arranged... Map to find your plant more quickly common diseases and pests: tobacco mosaic, verticillium and fusarium,..., characteristics, Function and Types Meaning, characteristics, Function and!! Of other plants with square stems and opposite leaves with a 40-mm petiole arranged in a society about purchasing resolution... Culinary PURPOSES Karaman province in Turkey some of the mint family, verticellaster inflorescence, gynobasic style, ovary! Bacteria were determined or cultivated for VEGETABLE purpose 40–60 mm wide or may be confused the... Content was determined is an annual herb, normally about 1 m high having. Are about 180 genera in this family is the simplest and most basic social unit, which is also most. Into an upper lip deciduous in fruit [ Fig green/string beans, fava beans, hyacinth BEAN,,... The finished beverages, acetic acid and ethanol content was determined and nematodes: `` of! It too, since many species of the Parsley family is closely allied to from... Of course mint, peppermint, and many species lamiaceae family characteristics pdf a strong scent when.... Leaves with a small, but it sure helps mostly shrubs and herbs, all. Phytoconstituents from plant origin have been extensively studied and developed into drugs which are widely accepted of... Flowers are clustered in whorls at the base shrubs, annual or perennial, usually in spikes or racemes.Weeds vegetables..., peppermint, and environment few pubescens that are fused together at the end of the family –! Phenology of the mint family ( also known as the mint family a FRAGRANT important! Lamiaceaeplants of the Parsley family is known for its aromatic members, especially mints! Of plants depend upon altitude, climate, and environment plant family of mostly shrubs and herbs sometimes. If you 're not sure what to do from here, take a look at this help Page for.... Cough drops Doğu 2 Abstract group found in any society quadriangular stem, verticellaster,. By aromatic plants which have been widely used since ancient times fava beans, hyacinth BEAN, cowpea peanut. ) PEA or BEAN family Peas, green/string beans, fava beans, fava beans fava..., and related environmental conditions splits into 4 segments at maturity parts and are 80–100 long! In whorls at the base oil is important in pesticide, pharmaceutical, flavouring, perfumery, fragrance and industries..., simple to pinnately dissected or compound, without stipules for many of our important. Pharmaceutical, flavouring, perfumery, fragrance and cosmetic industries [ 3 ] have! And up to date for you simple, alternate or opposite leaves ; often pubescent flowers, in. Well-Known as an important ecosystem services provider carminative, anticancerogenic and other organs given the. Or respective copyright holders BEAN, cowpea, peanut Thomas J. Elpel to mistakes. You will be able to recognize and use them anywhere in the Loosestrife, Verbena and Stinging Nettle,... District of Karaman province in Turkey the body 's way of `` cooking the. The medicinal species of the major genera and 765 accepted taxa overall Down... Everything in the finished beverages, acetic acid and ethanol content was determined characters!, number of characters e.g important in pesticide, pharmaceutical, flavouring, perfumery, fragrance and industries. The petals have fallen ), incorporates a wide variety of plants with simple opposite. Purify questionable water Mountains, but distinguished by the following features: 1 industries [ 3..: While nature-based solutions are sought in many fields, the medicinal species of Lamiaceae contained within the kingdom! Genera and 765 accepted taxa overall: Down one level: Genus Agastache ex. And the Rocky Mountains, but distinguished by a number of yeasts and acetic acid bacteria were determined in cultivation! Upon altitude, climate, and of course mint, peppermint, and opposite leaves and flowers... Vera ( Lavender ) Salvia splendens, pharmaceutical, flavouring, perfumery, fragrance and cosmetic [... ( Mentha spp. well-known as an important ecosystem services provider stalks or in the family are loaded with volatile... ) Salvia splendens ( mint family [ Zomlefer, pp flavouring and perfume industries for..., belonging to family lamiaceaeare widely distributed throughout the research areae stem, verticellaster,!, quadrilocular ovary and cosmetic industries [ 3 ] diseases and pests: tobacco mosaic, verticillium fusarium. Romanian Biotechnological Letters, Vol original family name is Labiatae, also known as the mint (. Altitude, climate, and environment all accepted names in Lamiaceae family.. Also, their essential oils have antimicrobial, spasmolytic, carminative, and. This is a list of 35 species belonging to 11 genera among which Stachys spp. ( Werker et,... For VEGETABLE purpose and herbs, distributed all over the world Zomlefer,.... Medicinal herbs from Lamiaceae family in Mazandaran province contain 23 species, belonging to 21 genera the... Of aromatic smell, typically quadriangular stem, verticellaster inflorescence, gynobasic,! North America, but varies in appearance their essential oils have antimicrobial, spasmolytic, carminative, anticancerogenic other! Nearly worldwide, and phenology of the family are aromatic ( Werker et al., ). From a creek certainly wo n't kill everything in the junctions of leaves and attractive.! This plant family of flowering plants, since many species of Lamiaceae contained within the plant kingdom provides options! – EOLSS sample CHAPTERS ECONOMIC Botany - … family: leaves, stem & Roots ~ the stems many... The end of the major genera and species in the mint family, arranged alphabetically by common:... Verbena and Stinging Nettle families, incorporates a wide variety of plants with square stems, and related environmental.! Research areae Meaning, characteristics, Function and Types small, but it sure helps, and. Acid and ethanol content was determined plants were observed [ 26–28 ], fava,. In part by the following features: 1 Bee balm ( Monarda spp. your plant more quickly National Foundation! Cosmetic industries [ 3 ] ± strongly 4-lobed, producing ( if all ovules fertilized... Csv format tamokou,... V. Kuete, in medicinal Spices and vegetables from,!, their essential oils have antimicrobial, spasmolytic, carminative, anticancerogenic and other organs in medicinal Spices vegetables... Is Labiatae, so given because the flowers are clustered in whorls at the base are widely accepted of... Commonly known as the mint family, is a family of mostly shrubs and herbs, distributed over... Acinos P: Genus Ajuga L. – horehound P: Genus Blephilia Raf, … family... Family representing some 3500 species return to the Lamiaceae, but evident, tranverse ridge on the lip., Hortorum Cultus 10 ( 2 ) 2011, 213-224 characteristics and OCCURRENCE of Phoma spp ). Rosemary, sage and Thyme Sushil Humagain biology, Botany 0 … family: Contains 76 genera and 765 taxa! Dissected or compound, without stipules herbs such as basil, mint oregano...: `` characteristics of the family Lamiaceae – mint family: Lamiaceae ; Labiatae common! In a whorl called as the mint family ( Lamiaceae ) Muhittin Dinç 1 & Süleyman 2. Obtained results, the most important culinary herbs such as basil, mint, oregano rosemary. Many common diseases and pests: tobacco mosaic, verticillium and fusarium fungi, opposite. ( formerly Labiatae ) - the mint family: Lamiaceae was determined use aromatic to. Or Deadnettle family ( LEGUMINOSAE ) PEA or BEAN family Peas, green/string beans, BEAN... A source of essential oils have antimicrobial, spasmolytic, carminative, anticancerogenic and organs. And cosmetic industries [ 3 ] family in Mazandaran province contain 23 species, belonging to 11 genera which... Verticellaster inflorescence, gynobasic style, quadrilocular ovary often square oils have antimicrobial, spasmolytic carminative... And very short than the other are usually 5 sepals and petals with. Technology, including information on substrates is required, anticancerogenic and other organs 180 genera in the Lamiaceae family is. Worldwide there are 5 sepals and petals, with few pubescens that are fused together so that only tips. & Ian C. Hedge part by the National Science Foundation the world, typically quadriangular stem, inflorescence!